Cricket is a sport played by two eleven player teams. The cricket pitch is usual oval with a diameter ranging from 130 and 150 meters, though it may also have other shapes and be larger: its size in fact adapts to the playing field. At the center of the field is the pitch, a lane 2 to 3 meters wide and 20 meters long. At each end of the pitch is an area called the base, behind which 3 pegs are planted in the ground. The three pegs make up the wicket. There are four key roles in cricket: the batter, the pitcher, the fielder and the wicket-keeper.
At the beginning of the game, the batter stands in front of the wicket. Behind the wicket, a wicket-keeper from the opponents team collects the balls missed by the batsman . At the opposite end of the pitch is another batsman from the first team, and a pitcher from the opposing side. Around the pitch, the pitcher and wicket–keeper’s teammates play the role of fielders, ie receivers .
The batsmen hold flat wooden clubs which are a meter long and 10 cm wide . The pitcher throws the ball towards the batsman at the other end of the pitch. If the batter fails to hit the ball with his bat, and the ball knocks down the wicket, he must be replaced by another member of his team. If the batsman hits the ball, he can run along the pitch exchanging places with his teammate. They can continue to do so until the fielders recover the ball. Every time a batter touches an end of the pitch, his team gets one point .
The purpose of the fielders is to catch the ball, throw it towards the wicket and knock down one of the pegs. If this happens while a batsman is off the base, the batsman is dismissed.
After the elimination of the tenth batter an inning, ie a phase of the game, comes to an end. In the second inning the teams change roles: the batting team now pitches, and vice versa. At the end of the second inning the team that scored the most points wins. Teams can earn extra points if a batsman hits the ball hard enough to send it off the field .Cricket was born in the fourteenth century in England, as a pastime of the bourgeoisie. Today it is a very popular sport in the UK, but also in former British colonies such as India and Australia. If it follows the classic rules, a cricket match can last hours, days or even weeks. A specific regulation which introduces time limits is applied to games which go live on television. In addition to the official rules, cricket players adhere to a code of conduct called the Spirit of the Game which is a series of unwritten rules: they are expected to behave in a dignified manner, respect the referee and opponents. The sporting skills involved in the game, its elegance, the possibility to play outdoors, in gardens or parks, make Cricket the most typical group sport of the British aristocratic culture.