Elizabeth II is the current Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Her royal status makes her Queen of another 15 independent nations, including Australia and New Zealand, former British colonies. Elizabeth Alexandra Mary is the daughter of George VI and Queen Elizabeth. She was born in 1926 in Mayfair, London. Under her mother’s careful authority, she studied literature, arts and music, and later history and modern languages at the renowned Eton College, in Berkshire. In 1947, Elizabeth married a distant cousin of hers, Philip Mountbatten, who received the title of Duke of Edinburgh on that occasion. From their marriage, four children were born: Charles, Anne, Andrew and Edward.
Elizabeth II came to the throne at the age of twenty-five, on 6 February 1952, after her father’s death. She was crowned on 2 June 1953 in Westminster Abbey and it was the first royal ceremony to be broadcast on television. A staunch keeper of institutional, moral and religious traditions, Elizabeth II strengthens the loving relationship that binds British people to the royal house. She has had to face a considerable number of Prime Ministers, including Winston Churchill and Margaret Thatcher, with whom she has to discuss critically, defending the functions of the crown. The figure of Elizabeth II has appeared in several films, like Stephen Frears’ The Queen and, in 2012, the Queen acted for the first time in Danny Boyle’s short film Happy and Glorious, made for the opening ceremony of the XXX Olympic Games in London. In 2012, Elizabeth II’s Diamond Jubilee celebrations marking her 60 years on the throne underlined the continuous regard of British citizens for the monarchy.