Giovacchino Antonio Rossini, better known as Gioachino Rossini, was an early Nineteenth-century Italian composer. Rossini was born in Pesaro on February 29, 1792 to a musician and soprano. At age ten, Rossini took singing lessons and studied the harpsichord and the viola. In 1806, Rossini enrolled at Bologna’s Philharmonic School and began to compose music. Rossini's debut came in 1810 when his comic opera The Bill of Marriage was staged. It was the first of many opening nights. As a youth, Rossini composed a number of comic operas. The Italian Girl in Algiers in 1813 and Almaviva or The Useless Precaution, which debuted in Rome in 1816 and was later renamed The Barber of Seville.
This first stage of his career ended in 1817 when he composed The Thieving Magpie and brought a playful Cinderella to the stage. From that point on, Rossini left behind lighter works to focus on serious opera. His interest in the romantic movement became evident in 1819 with the passionate music he wrote for The Lady of the Lake, set in 16th-century Scotland. In 1824, Rossini moved to Paris where he became the toast of the town. Four years later he wrote Count Ory, his first opera in French. In 1829, he developed a distaste for the entertainment industry and was slowed down by health problems. Rossini withdrew from the spotlight after the debut of William Tell. The musician carried on composing, but only for personal pleasure. Gioachino Rossini died in Paris on November 13, 1868. He was 76. For a long time, Rossini was best known for comic operas. However, in recent times his dramatic works have been staged to acclaim from the public and critics.